Featured Articles

Our pets need to be buckled up too!

Posted by d2030476 on June 01, 2012  /   Posted in Featured Articles, General Information, Hot News

Now that the beautiful weather is upon us, more families are inclined to travel with their pets.  But beware: keeping your dog(s) unrestrained in the car can cause serious damage to your pocketbook and these consequences can be more severe than pet owners realize.

Fines for this offense can run anywhere from $250 to $1,000 per pet.

To read more about this subject click here to North Jersey.com’s article:

Road Warrior: Not buckling up your pet in the car can mean big fines

Oradell Animal Hospital Leads NJ Search and Rescue Dog To Complete Recovery

Posted by d2030476 on May 14, 2012  /   Posted in Community, Featured Articles, General Information, Hot News

On September 5th, 2011 around 8 PM, NJ Search and Rescue received a police request to search for a lost hiker in Norvin Green State Forest.  Chris Kempey, Operational K9 Handler arrived on the scene with his search and rescue dog Moosie, around 11 PM.  At approximately 12:30 AM and in torrential rain, Moosie and Chris found the lost hiker in a hypothermic state, wandering the trails of the park with no map, compass, rain jacket or flashlight.

Not more than two weeks later, Moosie was in need of having her own life saved.  After multiple examinations and much testing at Allendale Animal Hospital and Oradell Animal Hospital, she was admitted to Oradell Animal Hospital with what the doctors in both hospitals believed to be acute Lyme Disease with multiple organ involvement.

After being treated and released from Oradell Animal Hospital three days later, Moosie went back to the hospital every two to four weeks for blood and urine testing.  Chris was cautioned many times that Moosie may never live a normal life again, let alone return to search and rescue work!  This was heartbreaking to him and his family.

Six months and many examinations, tests, and much special care later, Dr. Mary Ann Crawford at Oradell Animal Hospital (internal medicine department) called to inform Chris that Moosie’s results had all come back within normal ranges and that she had completely recovered.  Not to mention that Moosie would be able to return to search and rescue work!  “I was, and still am, beyond words”, says Chris.

As written by Chris Kempey, ” I wanted to take a moment to thank you and your staff at Oradell Animal Hospital for not only saving Moosie’s life, but for providing her with exceptional treatment that allowed her to recover completely.  I am beyond grateful she is healed and can continue to make a positive contribution to this world as a search and rescue dog (and to be the most wonderful pet I have ever had).  I simply cannot thank you enough or tell you how amazed I was by Moosie’s complete recovery (which I attribute in large part to your work).  Thank you is simply an understatement.  I have made a donation to the NJ Search and Rescue K9 Team in your name”

                    Moosie on her first day back at work after six months of rest and recuperation

 

Oradell Animal Hospital doctor says Yorkie may need surgery on patella

Posted by d2030476 on May 01, 2012  /   Posted in Featured Articles, Questions and Answers

Q:  My 5 1/2 year old Yorkie was recently diagnosed with a luxating patella after falling down a flight of stairs.  He was given anti-inflammatory medication which he took for 2 weeks and is now on Glucosamine.  Although he seems to be getting better, I still notice that he would occasionally lift the injured leg when walking.  He does not appear to be in any pain.  He has a follow-up visit in a month to see if things have gotten better however if he does not, my vet suggest that he sees a orthopedic veterinarian.  I’d like to know if anyone has had the same problem and if they opted for surgery.

 

A.   The patella, or knee cap, is a small bone burred in the tendon of the muscles that extend the knee joint. The knee cap normally rides in a groove at the end of the thigh bone (femur) at the knee joint.  Above the patella, the quadriceps muscles attach to the pelvis.  Below the patella, the patellar tendon attaches to the tibial crest, a bony prominence just below the knee.  The quadriceps muscle, the patella and its tendon form the “extensor mechanism” and are normally well-aligned with each other.  Patellar luxation is a condition where the knee cap rides outside the femoral groove when the knee joint is flexed.  It can be further characterized as medial or lateral, depending on whether the knee cap rides on the inner or on the outer aspect of the knee joint.

Patellar luxation is one of the most common congenital anomalies in dogs, diagnosed in about 7% of puppies and is now thought to be a component/consequence of a more complex congenital condition that affects the overall alignment of the hind leg .  The condition affects primarily small dogs, especially breeds such as Boston terrier, Chihuahua, Pomeranian, miniature poodle and Yorkshire terrier.  The incidence in large breed dogs has been on the rise over the past 10-15 years, and breeds such as Chinese shar pei, flat-coated retriever, Akita and Great Pyrenees are now considered predisposed to this disease.  Patellar luxation affects both knees in 50% of all cases, resulting in discomfort and loss of function.

Clinical signs associated with patellar luxation vary greatly with the severity of the disease: this condition may be an incidental finding detected by your veterinarian on a routine physical examination or may cause your pet to carry the affected limb up all the time.  Most dogs affected by this disease will suddenly carry the limb up for a few steps, and may be seen shaking or extending the leg prior to regaining its full use.  As the disease progresses in duration and severity, this lameness becomes more frequent and may even become continuous. In young puppies with severe medial patellar luxation, the rear legs often present a “bow-legged” appearance that worsens with growth.  Large breed dogs with lateral patellar luxation may have a “knocked-in knee” appearance.

Patellar luxation, as in your pets case, occasionally results from a traumatic injury to the knee, causing sudden non-weight-bearing lameness of the limb.  The lameness associated with a traumatic patellar luxation may initially respond to rest and anti-inflamatory therapy to some degree.

The diagnosis of patellar luxation is essentially based on palpation of an unstable knee cap on orthopedic examination and the severity of the luxation can be graded on a scale of 0 to 4.  Additional tests, such as palpation of the knee under sedation, radiographs of the knees and pelvis, and occasionally CT scan of the hind limbs, may be needed to help diagnose conditions often associated with patellar luxation and to help the surgeon recommend the most appropriate treatment for your pet.   Patellar luxations that do not cause any clinical sign should be monitored but do not typically warrant surgical correction, especially in small dogs.  Surgery is considered in grades 2 and over.  Surgical treatment of patellar luxation is more difficult in large breed dogs, especially when combined with other associated orthopedic conditions.

One or several of the following surgical strategies may be required to correct patellar luxation:

  • Reconstruction of soft tissues surrounding the knee cap to loosen the side toward which the patella is riding and tighten the opposite side.
  • Deepening of the femoral groove.
  • Moving  the bony prominence where the patellar tendon attaches below the knee.
  • Correction of abnormally shaped thigh bones (femurs).

The procedures that will best address the problem are selected on an individual basis by the surgeon that has examined the patient.

Studies have shown that over 90% of pet owners are satisfied by the results of surgical treatment for patellar luxation.  As alluded to earlier, the prognosis is less favorable in large dogs, especially in individuals where patellar luxation is combined with other orthopedic abnormalities.

Remember, you should seek veterinary advice if you have any concern about the gait of your pet.  Your primary veterinarian may wish to refer you to a surgeon specializing in orthopedic disease for treatment of patellar luxation if it requires surgery.

[doctor name = <Arthur A. Fettig>]

Oradell Animal Hospital Offers Care For Life For Canine Companion

Posted by d2030476 on August 09, 2011  /   Posted in Community, Featured Articles, Hot News

Oradell Animal Hospital, located in Paramus, NJ, has graciously donated lifetime veterinary care for K.D. Lang, the service dog obtained for 9 year old Danny Garofalo who has Duchene’s Muscular Dystrophy and is wheelchair dependent. 

Danny received K.D. thanks to the combined efforts of the Mickey’s Kids Foundation, a charity run by Hasbrouck Heights residents Tom and Michelle Meli who raised the money for K.D. to come to New Jersey.  They work with Canine Assistants, a Georgia-based charity that breeds, trains and places service dogs across the country.

How does K.D. help Danny? On a daily basis K.D. performs tasks that range from retrieving his shoes and clothes, to opening cabinets and doors to even making his bed.

Mickey’s Kids is having a fundraiser event scheduled for March 16, 2012.  For more information and photos on Mickeys Kids Foundation, please visit their Facebook page at “Mickeys Kids Charitable Foundation”.

Fort Lee – Oradell Veterinary Group: National Pet Dental Month

Posted by d2030476 on February 17, 2011  /   Posted in Featured Articles

February is National Pet Dental Health Month. Some studies claim that only 1 in 10 pet owners properly look after their pets’ teeth, leading to an even more startling statistic: 80% of dogs and 70% of cats have periodontal disease by the age of 3. In hopes of educating Fort Lee pet owners on the importance of proper dental care, Patch interviewed Dr. Donna Bucciarelli, DVM, and Fort-Lee Oradell veterinary hospital’s resident dental care expert.

Vinblastine Abstracts

Posted by d2030476 on July 23, 2008  /   Posted in Featured Articles

Bailey DB, Rassnick KM, Kristal O, Chretin JD, Balkman CE. Phase I dose escalation of single-agent vinblastine in dogs. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 2008;22:1397-1402.

Background: Vinblastine (VBL) is commonly used in dogs at a dosage of 2.0 mg/m2. The minimal toxicity observed at this dosage indicates that higher dosages might be well tolerated.

Hypothesis: The maximum tolerated dosage (MTD) for a single VBL treatment is higher than the previously published dosage of 2.0 mg/m2.

Animals: Twenty-three dogs with lymphoma or cutaneous mast cell tumors.

Methods: Dogs received 1 single-agent VBL treatment IV. The starting dosage was 3.0 mg/m2, and dosages were increased in increments of 0.5 mg/m2 in cohorts of 3 dogs. Hematologic toxicity was assessed with weekly CBCs. Gastrointestinal toxicity was assessed from medical histories from owners. Once the MTD was determined, additional dogs were treated with VBL at that dosage. Dogs whose cancers responded to VBL continued to receive treatments q2–3 weeks.

Results: VBL dosages ranged from 3.0 to 4.0 mg/m2. Neutropenia was the dose-limiting toxicity, with the nadir identified 7 days after treatment and resolving by 14 days after treatment. The MTD was 3.5 mg/m2. Sixteen dogs were treated at this dosage, and 3 experienced severe toxicity characterized by asymptomatic grade 4 neutropenia, febrile grade 4 neutropenia, and death. Gastrointestinal toxicity was mild and self-limiting. Preliminary evidence of antitumor activity was identified in 2 of 12 dogs with lymphoma treated at the MTD.

Conclusions and Clinical Importance: In dogs, single-agent VBL is well tolerated at a dosage of 3.5 mg/m2 IV. At this dosage, the minimum safe treatment interval is q2 weeks, and adjunct treatment with prophylactic antibiotics should be considered.

Key words: Canine; Chemotherapy; Oncology; Oncology treatment.

Rassnick KM, Bailey DB, Flory AB, Balkman CE, Kiselow MA, Intile JL, Autio K. Efficacy of vinblastine for treatment of canine mast cell tumors. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 2008;22:1390-1396.

Background: The optimal dosage and clinical efficacy of vinblastine (VBL) for treatment of mast cell tumors (MCTs) in dogs has not been established.

Hypothesis: Single-agent VBL has antitumor activity against MCTs in dogs.

Animals: Fifty-one dogs with nonresectable grade II or III cutaneous MCTs.

Methods: Prospective, open clinical trial. Dogs were systematically allocated (by hospital record number) to receive IV treatment with VBL at a dosage of 2.0 mg/m2 (weekly for 4 treatments then biweekly for 4 treatments; VBL 2.0) or treatment with VBL at a dosage of 3.5 mg/m2 (biweekly for 5 treatments; VBL 3.5). The primary outcome measure was reduction in tumor size.

Results: Twenty-five dogs were allocated to the VBL 2.0 group and 26 were allocated to the VBL 3.5 group. In the VBL 2.0 group, 3 (12%) had a partial response (PR) for a median of 77 days (range, 48–229 days). Overall response rate in the VBL 3.5 group was 27%. One dog (4%) had a complete response for 63 days and 6 dogs (23%) had a PR for a median of 28 days (range, 28–78 days). Toxicoses were uncommon in the VBL 2.0 group. Twelve (46%) dogs in the VBL 3.5 group had < 500 neutrophils/µL 7 days after treatment; 2 dogs with neutropenia developed concurrent fevers.

Conclusions and Clinical Importance: VBL, when used as a single-agent, has activity against MCTs in dogs although the response rate is lower than those reported for VBL-containing combination protocols. Further, findings suggest VBL at a dosage of 3.5 mg/m2 should be considered for use in future phase II/III trials.

Key words: Chemotherapy; Dog; Oncology.

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